One sunny November in a quiet college neighborhood, a stream of people walk into the doors of the community’s café, Oasis, to enjoy a cup of an herbal beverage that’s growing in popularity. The menu provides black tea, coffee, wine, beer, and pastries, but almost everyone asks for the $5 mug of kratom.

As a powder from the leaves of a tree that’s native of Southeast Asian and related with the coffee plant, kratom allows for mood enhancement and pain relief similar to that of prescription painkillers. These days, with the increasing worries of the risks of painkillers, 3 to 5 million people are supposedly employing kratom experiencing positive effects, retailers report.

Concerns are now about how this unregulated plant product can be exploited for the moderate euphoric characteristics it possesses. The ability for users to become addicted is causing federal officials to publish public health messages — and for a variety of cities and states to promote bans.

Arkansas, Alabama, Tennessee, Indiana, Wisconsin, Vermont and the District of Columbia all have made kratom strains illegal, as well as with at these three cities — San Diego, Denver, and Sarasota, Florida. Laws were acknowledged last year in six other states at least including Kentucky, Florida, New Jersey, New Hampshire North Carolina and New York.

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) said last year that it planned to file the herbal supplement as an illegal drug under Schedule 1, which is under the same legislation as LSD, heroin, and marijuana. However, after public protests, letters to Congress and an appeal with upwards of 140,000 petitioners, the administration set the plan on hold.

Additional Investigations are Required

In spite of favorable accounts from the users of kratom, the majority of researchers and physicians contend that studies with human clinical trials are a must to truly ascertain the leaf powder’s possible benefits or risks. They further insisted on having oversight of commercial plants as an added precaution to make sure customers are receiving uncontaminated products.

Recently, the American Society of Addiction Medicine explained in statements with the DEA that the entire botanical commodity, such as the powder marketed in cafes, ought to be declared illegal to stop people with addictions from attempting to use it for recovery.

Because three FDA-sanctioned medications exist which have been established as effective and safe, using kratom to handle an opioid addiction acts as an undesirable risk for those with addictions, the organization argued.

Concurrently, they advised that what looks to be the plant’s main active ingredients, 7-hydroxymitragynine, and mitragynine, should continue to be legal in order for more research on the addiction treatment potential to be performed. As for now, plenty of states and online stores can continue to sell kratom powder.

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References & Resources:

//www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/kratom-ban-states_us_5b2bc298e4b00295f15a3b83

//katsbotanicals.com/

//www.pbs.org/newshour/nation/kratom-dea-illegal

//www.kansascity.com/news/nation-world/article212251809.html